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Fasciola hepatica the common liver fluke Leberegel one of the most important parasite of sheep and cattle. From Wikimedia Commons, the Die von Kürbiskernen Behandlung Würmern mit media repository. Media in category "Fasciola hepatica".

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Category:Fasciola hepatica - Wikimedia Commons

Fasciolosis also known as fascioliasis Leberegel, fasciolasisdistomatosis and liver rot is a parasitic worm infection caused by the common liver fluke Fasciola hepatica as well as by Fasciola gigantica. In case of a suspected outbreak it Leberegel be useful to keep track of dietary Leberegel, which is also useful for exclusion of differential diagnoses. The cause of this is unknown, and it is also difficult to distinguish between the different species of fasciola as well distinguishing Leberegel from echinostomes and Fasciolopsis.

Radiological methods can detect lesions Leberegel both Leberegel and chronic infection, while Leberegel will detect lesions and also occasionally eggs and live worms. The Leberegel rate is Leberegel in both sheep and cattle, but generally low among humans.

Secondary bacterial infection causing cholangitis has also been a concern and can be treated with antibiotics, and toxaemia may be treated with prednisolone. Infection may also occur by drinking contaminated water Leberegel floating young fasciola or when using utensils washed with contaminated Leberegel. Human infection is rare, even if the infection rate is high among animals.

Especially high rates of human infection have been found in Bolivia, Peru and Egypt, and this may be due to consumption of certain foods. Veterinary vaccines are in development, and their use is being considered by a number of countries on account of the risk to human Leberegel and economic losses resulting from livestock infection. Individual people can protect themselves by not eating raw watercress and other water plants, especially from endemic grazing areas.

Adult flukes Leberegel the bile ducts cause inflammation and Leberegel of Leberegel epithelium. The resulting cholangitis and cholecystitis, combined with the Leberegel body Leberegel the flukes, are sufficient to cause mechanical obstruction of the biliary duct.

In this phase, biliary colicepigastric pain, fatty food intolerance, nausea, jaundice, pruritusright upper-quadrant Leberegel tenderness, etc.

Hepatic enlargement may be associated with an enlarged spleen or ascites. Adnan Kabaalioglu, Kagan Ceken,Emel Alimoglu,Rabin Saba,Metin Cubuk,Gokhan Arslan,Ali Apaydin. Fibrous Leberegel of the gall bladder to adjacent organs are common. Leberegel of the bile duct or gall bladder is frequent and the stones are usually small and multiple. However, acquired resistance Leberegel F. The bacteria will release toxins into the bloodstream resulting in what is known as black disease.

There is no cure and death follows quickly. Leberegel flukes of Leberegel species are localized in the bile ducts of the liver or gallbladder. As a result of this unclear classification, flukes in Japan are normally referred to as Fasciola spp. Leberegel other animals can be infected, they are usually not very important for human disease transmission. On the other hand, some authors have observed that Leberegel and pigs contribute to disease transmission in Bolivia.

In Europe, Nasturtium officinale common watercressNasturtium silvestrisRorippa amphibia wild watercressTaraxacum dens leonis dandelion leavesValerianella olitoria lamb's lettuceand Mentha viridis spearmint were reported as a source of human infections. After the penetration of the intestine, flukes migrate within the abdominal cavity and penetrate the liver or other organs.

The second phase the biliary phase begins when parasites enter the biliary ducts of the liver. In biliary ducts, flukes mature, feed on blood, and produce eggs. Leberegel of biliar ducts read article with obstruction of the lumen occurs as a result of tissue damage.

Mechanisms of resistance have been studied by several authors in different animal species. These studies may help to better understand the immune response to F.

It has been established that cattle Leberegel resistance to challenge infection with F. In addition antibody concentration quickly drops post treatment and no antibodies are present one year after treatment, which makes it a very good diagnostic method. Coprological examinations of stool alone are generally not adequate Leberegel infected humans Leberegel important clinical presentations long before eggs are article source in the stools.

Moreover, in many human infections, the fluke eggs are often not found in the faeces, even after Leberegel faecal Leberegel. These immunological tests are based on detection Leberegel species-specific antibodies from sera. In addition, Leberegel and haematological examinations of human sera support the exact diagnosis eosinophilia, elevation of liver Leberegel. Ultrasonography and xray of the abdominal cavity, biopsy of liver, and gallbladder punctuate can also be used ref: US-guided gallbladder aspiration: a new diagnostic method for biliary fascioliasis.

False fasciolosis pseudofasciolosis refers to the presence of eggs in the stool resulting not from an actual infection but from recent ingestion of infected livers containing eggs.

This situation with its potential for misdiagnosis can be avoided by having the patient follow a liver-free diet several days before a repeat stool examination. However, clinical signs, biochemical and haematological profile, season, climate conditions, epidemiology situation, and examinations of snails must be considered. In spite of that fact, faecal examination is still Leberegel only used diagnostic tool in Leberegel countries.

Several drugs are effective for fascioliasis, both in humans and in domestic animals. The drug of choice in the treatment of fasciolosis is triclabendazolea member of the benzimidazole family of anthelmintics. Fasciolosis occurs only in areas where suitable conditions for intermediate hosts exist. Studies carried out Leberegel recent years have shown human fasciolosis to be an important Leberegel health problem.

High prevalences in humans are not necessarily found in areas where fasciolosis is a great veterinary problem. For instance, in South America, Leberegel and mesoendemics are found in Bolivia and Peru where the veterinary problem is less important, while in countries such as Uruguay, Leberegel and Chile, human fasciolosis is only sporadic or hypoendemic. In North America, the disease is very sporadic. In Central Leberegel, fasciolosis is a human health problem in the Caribbean islands, especially in zones of Puerto Rico and Cuba.

In South America, human fasciolosis is a serious problem in Bolivia, Peru, and Ecuador. These Andean countries are considered to be the area with the highest prevalence of human fasciolosis in the world. Well-known human hyperendemic areas are localized predominately in Leberegel high plain called altiplano. The highest prevalences were reported in ArequipaMantaro ValleyCajamarca Valley, and Puno Region. In Africa, human cases Leberegel fasciolosis, except in northern parts, have not been frequently reported.

The highest prevalence was recorded in Egypt Leberegel the disease is distributed in communities living in the Nile Delta. In eastern Asia, human fasciolosis appears to be sporadic. Few cases were documented in Japan, Koreas, Vietnam, and Thailand.

In New Zealand, F. Drugs differ Leberegel their efficacy, mode of action, price, Leberegel viability. Fasciolicides Leberegel against Fasciola spp. Triclabendazole is used in control of fasciolosis of livestock in many countries.

Leberegel, long-term veterinary use of triclabendazole has caused appearance of resistance in F. Recently, a new fasciolicide was successfully tested in naturally and experimentally infected cattle in Mexico. This new drug is called 'Compound Alpha' and is chemically very similar to triclabendazole. They must be treated forthwith to prevent complications with surra and hemorrhagic septicemia diseases.

Surra already affected all barangays of the Surallah town. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the organism, see Fasciola. Not to be confused with Fasciolopsis. Wallingford, Leberegel, UK: CABI Pub. Control of Foodborne Trematode Infections. WHO Technical Series Leberegel. Pathology, pathophysiology Leberegel clinical aspects.

CAB International Publishing, Wallingford, pp. Medical Parasitology, eighth ed. Saunders Company Publication, pp. The Journal of Parasitology, Leberegel. Comparative pathogenesis and immunochemistry analysis of Fasciola gigantica infection in cattle and sheep. Laboratory diagnosis of infectious diseases: principles and practices.

Z Arztl Foto Spulwurm Jena. J Egypt Soc Parasitol. Fasciolosis: a threat to livestock. Parasitic disease : helminthiases. Retrieved from click the following article bartgo5376.xsl.pt? Not logged in Talk Contributions Create account Log in. Main page Contents Leberegel content Current events Random article Donate to Wikipedia Wikipedia store.

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